Wednesday, July 16, 2008

HREOC ruling, ERA submission, online “hate speech” - Jeremy Jones vs Frederick Toben

I've got several projects going and one of them is a new article explaining how communitarianism has replaced all the opposing political sides. I keep finding articles that say almost the same thing as I'm saying, except they won't tell us exactly what the sides changed into. Here's Arianna Huffington telling us on July 14, 2008 to quit forcing everyone to look at American politics from the tired old left v right divide. She explains why she gave Obama seven tips to

"staying true to the vision and message that took him from longshot 'unlikely candidate' to presidential frontrunner" -- and why the first one was that he should "load up his Kindle with passages from leaders who were looking to fundamentally change the country and following an inner compass, not the latest focus-group results." It's why I reminded him of the words of Dr. King: "There comes a time when one must take the position that is neither safe nor politic nor popular, but he must do it because conscience tells him it is right." http://www.huffingtonpost.com/arianna-huffington/the-latest-media-blind-sp_b_112740.html
What was the "vision and the message" that took Obama from longshot to frontrunner? Why can't Arianna tell us why Amitai Etzioni already bought the champagne for his election night celebration? Why can't she tell us that to "fundamentally change the country" means a complete overhaul of U.S. constitutional law and every state constitution (except for Alaska's; passed in 1959, it's already, fundamentally, a communitarian contract). Arianna can only tell us enough to keep us confused and in the dialectic, while her enlightened understanding allows her to see beyond it; she knows why the masses are not ready to know what these changes will bring. She includes Etzioni's blog posts at her site, this proves to me she knows what the synthesis is. The following Etzioni article and the comments show why he is the king of Talmudic arguments: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/amitai-etzioni/small-lies-big-lies-and_b_73341.html

Etzioni is very, very interested in regulating the internet. I bet he already knows all about the case law established after Australian hate crimes were prosecuted in 2002, as seen in this article from the Australian Peter Myers' elist. I don't know what the Adelaide Institute was, but I recognise it and may have linked to it once from the ACL, along with over 10,000 other exit links. Does the Toben ruling mean I am liable under Australian hate crime laws for everything I quote that was written on all 10,000 exit links I link to? Can the entire ACL website be considered "one document?" How long before I need to concern myself with this nonsense?

Majorie Hines at Kent Law had a few choice words about Etzioni's legal theories in 2004:

http://209.85.141.104/search?q=cache:3DKQq0HaOLgJ:lawreview.kentlaw.edu/articles/79-1/Heins.pdf+etzioni+internet+crime&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=7&gl=us&client=firefox-a

(9) HREOC ruling, ERA submission, online “hate speech” - Jeremy Jones vs Frederick Toben

Online Hate Speech and Section 18C of the Australian Racial Discrimination Act 1975

Electronic Frontiers Australia

Submission {to the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, the court which administers “hate speech” laws}

26 July 2002

http://www.efa.org.au/Publish/hreocsubm2002.html

This is a submission to HREOC's Background Paper for the Cyber-Racism Symposium 2002.

Principles

EFA is a member of the Global Internet Liberty Campaign (GILC), a worldwide alliance of online civil liberties groups, and our position on this issue is that of a GILC resolution on hate speech:

(1) GILC members deplore racist and hateful speech; but when encountering racist or hateful speech, the best remedy to be applied is generally more speech, not enforced silence.

(2) Liberty's fundamental principle is that governments should be prohibited from prohibiting the expression of an idea simply because society finds the idea itself offensive or disagreeable.

(3) While the application of existing law to the Internet is still in its infancy, the well-established free speech principles should apply with even greater force to networked speech. The Internet gives it users easy access to public discourse. It affords human rights activists and other opponents of racism with an inexpensive and effective method for responding to racist speech.

Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states:

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

and Article 19 states:

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Section 18C of the Racial Discrimination Act refers to acts "reasonably likely, in all the circumstances, to offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate another person or a group of people". It is our contention that putting material on a web site is not likely to offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate anyone unless they desire to be so offended.

While open web sites are certainly not "private", they are public in a rather different fashion to radio or television broadcasts, since the web is a "pull" medium rather than a "push" one. In particular, they are not intrusive: web sites do not appear on computer screens unbidden; one must choose to view a web site, taking affirmative action to do so. (The delivery of offensive material in unsolicited email - as "spam" - would be a different matter.) Most individual web sites also reach a relatively restricted audience. The best analogy for the web is therefore printed books, not the broadcast media: the Internet can be considered "a constellation of printing presses and bookstores" (Sex, Laws, and Cyberspace, Henry Holt 1997).

The Internet also allows for the easy expression of a great diversity of viewpoints, including corrections to misleading or inaccurate information.

Practical Problems

There has been one ruling by HREOC applying section 18C of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (RDA) to online hate speech, in the case Jeremy Jones versus Frederick Toben. The problems with this ruling illustrate general problems with the application of "hate speech" laws to the Internet.

Many of the problems with racial vilification legislation extend from traditional media to the Internet. But the Internet also poses new problems.

Content Granularity

Can one sentence on a web site make the entire site "hate speech"?

The manifest problems inherent on treating a whole site as a single document are apparent if we consider Jones v Toben. The plaintiff in that case argued that "the Adelaide Institute website should be considered as a single document" and HREOC accepted that in its ruling, which ordered that the entire Adelaide Institute website be "removed from the world wide web" and made no attempt to distinguish its parts.

The problem with this is that only a fraction of the content on the Adelaide Institute web site could conceivably be considered in breach of the RDA. Among other material, the site includes (or at some point included - see below) copies of articles from leading Australian and international newspapers, press releases and other statements from a range of organisations (including both EFA and HREOC), and statements by opponents. Perhaps more to the point, the site is used by Toben to voice his opinions on matters of all kinds: to take just one example, he has reprinted on it another person's criticisms of the Jubilee 2000 campaign (for debt relief for poor countries).

This is of particular concern because Toben was required by the ruling to promise not to publish "any such material" in the future and to remove from publication "all such material", without elaborating in any way on "such". As a result the HREOC ruling effectively orders Toben to remain silent completely - taking the example above again, it prima facie enjoins him not to express anywhere in public, ever again, opposition to debt relief for poor countries.

The decision to treat the web site as a single document also runs in the face of precedents set with other legislation. The Australian Broadcasting Authority, in its management of the Broadcasting Services Act (Online Services Amendment), treats individual web pages as separate documents. Take-down notices, which serve a similar purpose to the HREOC ruling in ordering the removal of online content, are specific to particular web pages, rather than covering entire sites. ...

References

Global Internet Liberty Campaign (GILC) resolution on hate speech:
http://www.gilc.org/speech/un/gilc-hate-speech.html

Jeremy Jones versus Frederick Toben
http://scaleplus.law.gov.au/html/rdadec/0/2000/0/RD000130.htm

ACLU v. Reno, 1997
http://www.aclu.org/court/
renovacludec.html

4 comments:

Bobby Garner said...

Before hate speech, we had defamation of character through libel or slander, all of which were prosecutable offenses based in Common Law and individual rights. These offenses caused damage to the reputation of the injured party, and the justice system would prosecute his case upon the filing of formal charges.

So why do we need hate speech laws? Because Common Law and individual Rights have been trampled under foot and because nature abhors a vacuum.

With the Right to redress of grievances left unexercized by a population taught to fear and cower before the criminal rather than oppose and challenge him, Big Brother needed to do something more to compound this problem even further.

Hate speech and that whole genre of new federal Hate Crimes moved the jurisdiction for common local offenses from local courts to federal courts. In collusion with this treasonous fraud, a new batch of federal legislation provided for the state to bypass the injured parties right to prosecute, and for the state to initiate prosecution of any violation on nothing more than a complaint from an anonymous phone call. Check with your local law enforcement about the nature of anonymous tips. Discover that you are not required to appear in any court proceedings, which denies the accused the basic constitutional right to face his accuser, and demands of him the impossible task of proving his own innocence.

This is all reinforced by TV news coverage which is usually heavily slanted toward guilt, and by inviting public participation in online poles and the reporting of those results. This is democracy in one of its purest forms, which pollutes the Jury pool and encourages conviction of the accused simply because he was accused and because he could not "prove" a thing which had never happened.

This is the Communitarian Global Village enforcing the World Court authority locally under the color of local law.

Charles W. Krafft said...

Holocaust denier convicted of trying to incite race hate online

....included a cartoon by the American cartoonist Robert Crumb

http://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/Holocaust-denier-convicted-of-trying.4282421...

Here is the illegal R. Crumb cartoon:

http://www.tightrope.cc/kotc/rcrumbjew.htm

http://www.tightrope.cc/kotc/rcrumbjew2.htm

http://www.tightrope.cc/kotc/rcrumbjew3.htm

Sheppard and Whittle absconded Friday and flew to Los Angeles where they've asked for political asylum.

http://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/Racehate-pair-flee-to-US.4291680.jp

Bobby Garner said...

"TWO men convicted of publishing race-hate articles on the internet have skipped bail and fled to the United States to claim political asylum, the Yorkshire Post can reveal."

The "Yorkshire Post can reveal"? Did someone have to check with their controller's before publishing this article?

From what I've been reading about the Pilgrims Society, these guys will likely get an expense paid return trip.

Unless they are insiders working some kind of scam...?

the tent lady said...

Thanks Charles and Bobby, I need time to read up on this. I wonder why they chose California, the model for a US Communitarian Global Village.